I’m proud to say that another research paper by Shane Kelly (Director of TreeThinker) has been published by the Permaculture Association – this one is about ‘Making the most of ‘weeds’’. You can find the research briefing on the Permaculture Association website, or by following this link.
Scything is a traditional way of mowing grass or reaping crops using a scythe – a sharp steel blade at right angles to a long handle.
Traditional – Scything has been in use in agricultural practices for more than 1200 years, and it’s seeing something of a resurgence of late.
Encourages wildlife – Wildlife has much more of chance to get out of the way, compared to alternatives, and the soil and vegetation aren’t compacted like with commercial mowing.
Low impact – It does not require fossil fuels and reduces the need for selective herbicides. It’s also quieter for the user and has no exhaust fumes.
Versatile – Scything can be used for a wide variety of tasks, big or small, and with different types of vegetation.
Workout – It’s also a great way to workout; especially for the chest, legs and abdominal muscles.
Using a scythe, one person can scythe up to an acre a day, and it’s a great way to ensure a thorough connection with the land by experiencing it closely.
I’m proud to say that a research paper on the ‘Application of Sustainable Technologies’ by Shane Kelly (Director of TreeThinker) has been published by the Permaculture Association.
You can find the research briefing on the Permaculture Assocition website, or by following this link.
I thought it would be useful, as an organisation which has permaculture at its core, to give a basic definition of permaculture. However, I was stopped short, while there are some great definitions of permaculture out there already, one thing that runs as a theme is that there isn’t really one, singular definition of ‘permaculture’.
At conception, permaculture was a contraction of ‘permanent agriculture’ referring to a sustainable system of crop growth taking into account inter-related internal and external factors for combined tree crop growth. But since then, permaculture has taken on a broader meaning; as a philosophy which can be applied in all situations – the idea is of considering wider inter-related factors with a focus on sustainability. This, very broad, philosophy can be interpreted and applied in many ways; the Permaculture association says:
“Permaculture combines three key aspects:
1. An ethical framework
2. Understandings of how nature works
3. A design approach”
And Permaculture Magazine describes permaculture as:
“1. Permaculture is an innovative framework for creating sustainable ways of living.
2.It is a practical method of developing ecologically harmonious, efficient and productive systems that can be used by anyone, anywhere.”
To bring this to TreeThinker’s application of permaculture and to put it succinctly, it is possible to define permaculture as the implementation of agricultural techniques and design processes which work with nature to be sustainable, not only in terms of local food growth but also in terms of the wider ecosystem.
- Source: NASA
Quick fire round
A lot of people who dispute climate change will give clumsy, unsupported arguments and claim that it’s just as reasonable as points from the other side, since those don’t have evidence either – in reality the evidence proving climate change is well established, here are my top three incidences of this:
“The climate is always changing, it has nothing to do with us”
Climate reacts to whatever forces it to change at the time; humans are now the dominant forcing – READ MORE.
“But Hey, it’s getting warmer, tat can’t be a bad thing’
Negative impacts of global warming on agriculture, health & environment far outweigh any positives – READ MORE.
“It will be ok, life adapts”
Global warming will cause mass extinctions of species that cannot adapt on short time scales READ MORE.
The evidence is clear, man made climate change is not a matter of opinion, it’s one of fact. Even calling it the ‘climate change debate’ implies it isn’t a known entity, when in reality, we might as well have a ”Gravity debate’ or a ‘The moon is made of cheese debate” (incidentally there is a fun example of this here – which, I think, reads a lot like the “climate change debate”).
(1) IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Summary for Policymakers, p. 5
B.D. Santer et.al., “A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere,” Nature vol 382, 4 July 1996, 39-46
Gabriele C. Hegerl, “Detecting Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change with an Optimal Fingerprint Method,” Journal of Climate, v. 9, October 1996, 2281-2306
V. Ramaswamy et.al., “Anthropogenic and Natural Influences in the Evolution of Lower Stratospheric Cooling,” Science 311 (24 February 2006), 1138-1141
B.D. Santer et.al., “Contributions of Anthropogenic and Natural Forcing to Recent Tropopause Height Changes,” Science vol. 301 (25 July 2003), 479-483.
(3) J. Cook, et al, “Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming,” Environmental Research Letters Vol. 11 No. 4, (13 April 2016); DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/048002